nano bridge Setting up MikroTik RouterOS
Downloading and Installing the MikroTik RouterOS™The download and accession action of the MikroTik RouterOS™ is declared in the afterward diagram:
1. Download the basal accession annal file.Depending on the adapted media to be acclimated for installing the MikroTik RouterOS™ amuse chose one of the afterward annal types for downloading:ISO angel of the accession CD, if you accept a CD biographer for creating CDs. The ISO angel is in the MTcdimage_v2-6-x_dd-mmm-yyyy.zip annal book absolute a bootable CD image. The CD will be acclimated for booting up the committed PC and installing the MikroTik RouterOS™ on its hard-drive or flash-drive.MikroTik Deejay Maker, if you appetite to actualize 3.5" accession floppies. The Deejay Maker is a self-extracting annal DiskMaker_v2-6-x_dd-mmm-yyyy.exe file, which should be run on your Win95/98/NT4/2K/XP workstation to actualize the accession floppies. The accession floppies will be acclimated for booting up the committed PC and installing the MikroTik RouterOS™ on its hard-drive or flash-drive.MikroTik Deejay Maker in a set of abate files, if you accept problems downloading one ample file.Netinstall, if you appetite to install RouterOS™ over a LAN with one billowing cossack diskNote! The accession from CD or arrangement requires Full (paid) License. If you intend to access the Free Demo License, you should use the billowing accession media.2. Actualize the accession mediaUse the adapted accession annal to actualize the Accession CD or floppies.For the CD, address the ISO angel assimilate a bare CD.For the floppies, run the Deejay Maker on your Windows workstation to actualize the accession floppies. Chase the instructions and admit the floppies in your FDD as requested, characterization them as Deejay 1,2,3, etc.3. Install the MikroTik RouterOS™ software.Your committed PC router accouterments should have:An avant-garde 4th bearing (core abundance 100MHz or more), 5th bearing (Intel Pentium, Cyrix 6X86, AMD K5 or comparable) or newer Intel IA-32 (i386) accordant motherboard and processor (dual processors are not supported);from 32MB to 1GB RAM (from 48MB suggested);30MB or added PRIMARY MASTER IDE HDD or IDE flashdrive. Note: The adamantine deejay will be absolutely reformatted during the accession and all abstracts on it will be lost!A arrangement adapter (NE2000 accordant PCI or ISA Ethernet card, or any added accurate NIC, see blueprint of accurate interfaces on our web page);Note that you can move the adamantine drive with MikroTik RouterOS™ installed to a fresh accouterments afterwards loosing a license, but you cannot move the RouterOS™ to a altered adamantine drive afterwards purchasing an addition authorization (except accouterments abortion situations). For added advice address to email@example.comFor accession purposes (and alone for that time) you should additionally have:A SECONDARY MASTER CD drive set as primary cossack device, if you appetite to use the created CD for installing the MikroTik RouterOS™ assimilate the primary adept HDD;A 3.5" FDD set as primary cossack device, if you appetite to use the created set of floppies for installing the MikroTik RouterOS™;A adviser and keyboard for accession and antecedent bureaucracy of the MikroTik Router. The adviser and keyboard do not charge to be affiliated to the router afterwards it is set up for abutting to it over the network.Boot up your committed PC router from the Accession Media you created and chase the instructions on the animate awning while the HDD is reformatted and MikroTik RouterOS™ installed on it.After acknowledged accession amuse abolish the accession media from your CD or billowing deejay drive and hit 'Enter' to reboot the router. While the router will be starting up for the aboriginal time you will be accustomed a Computer application ID for your accession and asked to accumulation a validcomputer application authorization key (Software Key) for it. Address bottomward the Computer application ID. You will charge it to access the Computer application Authorization through the MikroTik Account Server.If you charge added time to access the Computer application Authorization Key, you may appetite to ability off the router. Type abeyance in the Computer application key alert and ability the router off back the router is halted.Obtaining the Computer application LicenseThe MikroTik RouterOS™ Computer application licensing action is declared in the afterward diagram:
- hand corner of the MikroTik's web page to create your account.
You will be presented with the Account Sign-Up Form where you chose your account name and fill in the required information.
- To obtain the Software License Key, log on to your account at www.mikrotik.com entering your account name and password (upper right-hand corner on this webpage), for example:
- After logging on to the Account Server select "Free Demo License" or "Order Software License" in the Account Menu.Note! The CD or Netinstall accession cannot be 'unlocked' with the Free Audience Key. Use the Floppy installation, or, acquirement the Authorization Key.The Computer application Key will be beatific to the email address, which has been defined in your annual setup.Read your email and access the Computer application Key at the router's console, for example:Software ID: 5T4V-IUTSoftware key: 4N7X-UZ8-6SPInstead of entering the authorization key you can access abeyance to shut bottomward the router and access the authorization key later, or access affectation to apprehend the Authorization Agreement, or advice to see a advice message.After entering the actual Computer application Authorization Key you will be presented with the MikroTik Router's login prompt.Logging into the MikroTik RouterWhen logging into the router via terminal console, you will be presented with the MikroTik RouterOS™ login prompt. Use 'admin' and no countersign (hit 'Enter') for logging on to the router for the aboriginal time, for example:MikroTik v2.6Login: adminPassword:The countersign can be afflicted with the /password command.Adding Computer application PackagesThe basal accession comes with alone the "system" amalgamation and few added packages. This includes basal IP acquisition and router administration. To accept added appearance such as IP Telephony, OSPF, wireless, and so on, you will charge to download addedcomputer application packages.The addedcomputer application bales should accept the aforementioned adaptation as the arrangement package. If not, the amalgamation wont be installed. Amuse argue the MikroTik RouterOS™ Computer application Amalgamation Accession and Upgrading Manual for added abundant advice about installing addedcomputer application packages.Software Licensing IssuesIf you appetite to advancement to a 'paid' adaptation of your MikroTik RouterOS™ installation, amuse acquirement the fresh Computer application Authorization KEY for the Computer application ID you acclimated back accepting the 'free' audience license. Similarly, if added authorization is adapted to accredit the functionality of acomputer application package, the authorization should be acquired for the Computer application ID of your system. The fresh key should be entered application the /system authorization set key command, and the router should be rebooted afterwards:[admin@MikroTik] ip firewall src-nat> /system authorization printsoftware-id: "SB5T-R8T"key: "3YIY-ZV8-DH2"upgradable-unitl: may/01/2003[admin@MikroTik] arrangement license> affection printFlags: X - disabled# FEATURE0 X AP1 X synchronous2 X radiolan3 X wireless-2.4gHz4 licensed[admin@MikroTik] arrangement license> set key=D45G-IJ6-QM3[admin@MikroTik] arrangement license> /system rebootReboot, yes? [y/N]: ysystem will reboot shortlyIf there is no adapted license, the adapted interfaces wont appearance up beneath the interface list, alike admitting the bales can be installed on the MikroTik RouterOS™ and agnate drivers loaded.Navigating the Terminal ConsoleAfter logging into the router you will be presented with the MikroTik RouterOS™ Welcome Screen and command prompt, for example:MMM MMM KKK TTTTTTTTTTT KKKMMMM MMMM KKK TTTTTTTTTTT KKKMMM MMMM MMM III KKK KKK RRRRRR OOOOOO TTT III KKK KKKMMM MM MMM III KKKKK RRR RRR OOO OOO TTT III KKKKKMMM MMM III KKK KKK RRRRRR OOO OOO TTT III KKK KKKMMM MMM III KKK KKK RRR RRR OOOOOO TTT III KKK KKKMikroTik RouterOS v2.6 (c) 1999-2002 http://www.mikrotik.com/Terminal xterm detected, application multiline mode[admin@MikroTik] >The command alert shows the character name of the router and the accepted card level, for example:[MikroTik] > Abject akin menu[MikroTik] interface> Interface configuration[MikroTik] ip address> IP Abode managementThe account of accessible commands at any card akin can be acquired by entering the catechism mark '?', for example:[admin@MikroTik] > ?disciplinarian Disciplinarian managementbook Local router book storage.acceptation Run exported agreement scriptinterface Interface configurationlog Arrangement logscountersign Change passwordping Send ICMP Echo packetsanchorage Serial portsabdicate Abdicate consoleaccommodate Accommodate previosly baffled actionbureaucracy Do basal bureaucracy of systemdisengage Disengage antecedent actionuser User managementpppsnmp snmp settingsisdn-channels ISDN approach cachet infoipchain Bandwidth managementarrangement Arrangement advice and utilitiestoolroutingexport[admin@MikroTik] > ip ?accounting Traffic accountingabode Abode managementarp ARP entries managementdns DNS settingsfirewall Firewall managementneighbour neighbourspacking Packet packing settingsbasin IP abode poolsavenue Avenue managementservicepolicy-routingdhcp-client DHCP applicant settingsdhcp-server DHCP server settingsdns-cacheipsecweb-proxy HTTP proxytelephony IP Telephony interfaceexport[admin@MikroTik] > ipThe account of accessible commands and airheaded has abridge descriptions abutting to the items. You can move to the adapted card akin by accounting its name and hitting the [Enter] key, for example:[admin@MikroTik]> Abject akin menu[admin@MikroTik]> disciplinarian Access 'driver' to move to the disciplinarian levelmenu[admin@MikroTik] driver> / Access '/' to move to the abject akin menufrom any level[admin@MikroTik]> interface Access 'interface' to move to the interfaceakin menu[admin@MikroTik] interface> /ip Access '/ip' to move to the IP akin menufrom any level[admin@MikroTik] ip>A command or an altercation does not charge to be completed, if it is not ambiguous. For example, instead of accounting 'interface' you can blazon aloof 'in' or 'int'. To complete a command use the [Tab] key.The commands may be invoked from the card level, area they are located, by accounting its name. If the command is in a altered card akin than the accepted one, again the command should be invoked application its abounding or about path, for example:[admin@MikroTik] ip route> book Prints the acquisition table[admin@MikroTik] ip route> .. abode book Prints the IP abode table[admin@MikroTik] ip route> /ip abode book Prints the IP abode tableThe commands may accept arguments. The arguments accept their names and values. Some arguments, that are required, may accept no name. Below is a arbitrary on active the commands and affective amid the card levels:Command Actioncommand [Enter] Execute the command[?] Appearance the account of all accessible commandscommand [?] Affectation advice on the command and the account of argumentscommand altercation [?] Affectation advice on the command's argument[Tab] Complete the command/word. If the ascribe is ambiguous, aadditional [Tab] gives accessible options/ Move up to the abject level/command Execute the abject akin command.. Move up one level"" Access an abandoned string"word1 word2" Access 2 words that accommodate a spaceYou can abridge names of levels, commands and arguments.For the IP abode configuration, instead of application the 'address' and 'netmask' arguments, in best cases you can specify the abode calm with the cardinal of $.25 in the arrangement mask, i.e., there is no charge to specify the 'netmask' separately. Thus, the afterward two entries would be equivalent:/ip abode add abode 10.0.0.1/24 interface ether1/ip abode add abode 10.0.0.1 netmask 255.255.255.0 interface ether1However, if the netmask altercation is not specified, you charge specify the admeasurement of the arrangement affectation in the abode argument, alike if it is the 32-bit subnet, i.e., use 10.0.0.1/32 for abode 10.0.0.1 and netmask 255.255.255.255
After installing the router and starting it up for the aboriginal time you will be accustomed a Software ID.
Write bottomward the Software ID appear by the RouterOS™.
If you accept an annual with MikroTik, chase to the abutting step.
If you do not accept an annual at www.mikrotik.com, aloof columnist the 'New' button on the high right-