A detailed explanation of Winbox
A abundant account of Winbox.
2 Starting the Winbox
2.1 IPv6 connectivity
3 Interface Overview
4 Work Area and adolescent windows
4.1 Adolescent window card bar
4.2 Sorting out displayed items
4.3 Customizing account of displayed columns
4.3.1 Detail mode
4.3.2 Category view
4.4 Drag & Drop
4.5 Traffic monitoring
4.6 Item copy
5 Transferring Settings
Winbox is a baby account that allows administering of Mikrotik RouterOS application a fast and simple GUI. It is a built-in Win32 binary, but can be run on Linux and Mac OSX application Wine.
All Winbox interface functions are as abutting as accessible to Console functions, that is why there are no Winbox sections in the manual.
Some of avant-garde and arrangement analytical configurations are not accessible from winbox, like MAC abode change on an interface.
Starting the Winbox
Winbox loader can be downloaded anon from the router.
Open your browser and access router's IP address, RouterOS acceptable folio will be displayed. Click on the articulation to download winbox.exe
When winbox.exe is downloaded, bifold bang on it and winbox loader window will pop up:
To affix to the router access IP or MAC abode of the router, specify username and countersign (if any) and bang onConnect button. You can additionally access the anchorage cardinal afterwards the IP address, amid them with a colon, like this 192.168.88.1:9999. The anchorage can be afflicted in RouterOS casework menu.
Note: It is recommended to use IP abode whenever possible. MAC affair uses arrangement broadcasts and is not 100% reliable.
You can additionally use acquaintance discovery, to account accessible routers by beat on [...] button:
Fromaccount of apparent routers you can bang on IP or MAC abode cavalcade to affix to that router. If you bang abode again IP will be acclimated to connect, but if you bang on MAC Abode again MAC abode will be acclimated to conon IP nect to the router.
Note: Neighbor analysis will appearance additionally accessories which are not accordant with Winbox, like Cisco routers or any added accessory that uses CDP (Cisco Analysis Protocol)
Description of buttons and fields of loader screen
[...] - discovers and shows MNDP (MikroTik Neighbor Analysis Protocol) or CDP (Cisco Analysis Protocol) devices.
Connect - Affix to the router
Save - Save address, login, countersign and note. Adored entries are listed at the basal of loader window.
Remove - Remove called admission from adored list
Tools... - Allows to run assorted tools: removes all items from the list, clears accumulation on the bounded disk, imports addresses from wbx book or exports them to wbx file.
Connect To: - destination IP or MAC abode of the router
Login - username acclimated for authentication
Password - countersign acclimated for authentication
Keep Countersign - if unchecked, countersign is not adored to the list
Secure Mode - if checked, winbox will use TLS encryption to defended session
Load Previous Session - if checked, winbox will try to restore all ahead opened windows.
Note - description of the router that will be adored to the list.
Warning: Passwords are adored in apparent text. Anyone with admission to your book arrangement will be able to retrieve passwords.
It is accessible to use command band to canyon affix to user and countersign ambit automatically:
[ [ ]]]
For archetype (with no password):
winbox.exe 10.5.101.1 admin ""
Will affix to router 10.5.101.1 with username "admin"without password.
Starting from v5RC6 Winbox supports IPv6 connectivity. To affix to the routers IPv6 address, it charge be placed in aboveboard braces the aforementioned as in web browsers back abutting to IPv6 server. Example:
Winbox neighbor analysis is now able of advertent IPv6 enabled routers. As you can see from the angel below, there are two entries for anniversary IPv6 enabled router, one access is with IPv4 abode and addition one with IPv6 link-local address. You can calmly accept to which one you appetite to connect:
Winbox interface has been advised to be automatic for best of the users. Interface consists of:
Main toolbar at the top breadth users ca add assorted advice fields, like CPU and anamnesis usage.
Menu bar on the larboard - account of all accessible airheaded and sub-menus. This account changes depending on what bales are installed. For archetype if IPv6 amalgamation is disabled, again IPv6 card and all it's sub-menus will not be displayed.
Work breadth - breadth breadth all card windows are opened.
Title bar shows advice to analyze with which router Winbox affair is opened. Advice is displayed in afterward format:
[username]@[Router's IP or MAC] ( [RouterID] ) - Winbox [ROS version] on [RB model] ([platform])
From screenshot aloft we can see that user admin is logged into router with IP abode 10.1.101.18. Router's ID isMikroTik, currently installed RouterOS adaptation is v5.0beta1, RouterBoard is RB800 and belvedere is PowerPC.
On the Capital toolbar's larboard ancillary is amid disengage and accommodate buttons to bound disengage any changes fabricated to configuration. On the appropriate ancillary is located:
winbox cartage indicator displayed as a blooming bar,
indicator that shows whether winbox affair uses TLS encryption
checkbox Hide password. This checkbox replaces all acute advice (for example, ppp abstruse passwords) with '*' asterisk symbols.
Work Breadth and adolescent windows
Winbox has MDI interface acceptation that all card agreement (child) widows are absorbed to capital (parent) Winbox window and are showed in assignment area.
Child windows can not be dragged out of working area. Notice in screenshot above that Interface window is dragged out of visible working area and horizontal scroll bar appeared at the bottom. If any window is outside visible work area boundaries the vertical or/and horizontal scrollbars will appear.
Each child window has its own toolbar. Most of the windows have the same set of toolbar buttons:
- Add - add new item to the list
- Remove - remove selected item from the list
- Enable - enable selected item (the same as enable command from console)
- Disable - disable selected item (the same as disable command from console)
- Comment - add or edit comment
- Sort - allows to sort out items depending on various parameters.
Read more >>
Almost all windows have quick search input field at the right side of the toolbar. Any text entered in this field is searched through all the items and highlighted as illustrated in screenshot below
Notice that at the right side next to quick find input filed there is a dropdown box. For currently opened (IP Route) window this dropdown box allows to quickly sort out items by routing tables. For example if main is selected, then only routes from main routing table will be listed.
Similar dropdown box is also in all firewall windows to quickly sort out rules by chains.
Similar dropdown box is also in all firewall windows to quickly sort out rules by chains.
Sorting out displayed items
Almost every window has a Sort button. When clicking on this button several options appear as illustrated in screenshot below
Example shows how to quickly filter out routes that are in 10.0.0.0/8 range
- Press Sort button
- Chose Dst.Address from the first dropdown box.
- Chose in form the second dropdown box. "in" means that filter will check if dst address value is in range of specified network.
- Enter network against which values will be compared (in our example enter "10.0.0.0/8")
- These buttons are to add or remove another filter to the stack.
- Press Filter button to apply our filter.
As you can see from screenshot winbox sorted out only routes that are within 10.0.0.0/8 range.
Comparison operators (Number 3 in screenshot) may be different for each window. For example "Ip Route" window has only two is and in. Other windows may have operators such as "is not", "contains", "contains not".
Winbox allows to build stack of filters. For example if there is a need to filter by destination address and gateway, then
- set first filter as described in example above,
- press [+] button to add another filter bar in stack.
- set up seconf filter to filter by gateway
- press Filter button to apply filters.
You can also remove unnecessary filter from the stack by pressing [-] button.
Customizing list of displayed columns
By default winbox shows most commonly used parameters. However sometimes it is needed to see another parameters, for example "BGP AS Path" or other BGP attributes to monitor if routes are selected properly.
Winbox allows to customize displayed columns for each individual window. For example to add BGP AS path column:
- Click on little arrow button (1) on the right side of the column titles or right mouse click on the route list.
- From popped up menu move to Show Columns (2) and from the sub-menu pick desired column, in our case click on BGP AS Path (3)
Changes made to window layout are saved and next time when winbox is opened the same column order and size is applied.
It is also possible to enable Detail mode. In this mode all parameters are displayed in columns, first column is parameter name, second column is parameter's value.
To enable detail mode right mouse click on the item list and from the popupmenu pick Detail mode
It is possible to list items by categories. In tis mode all items will be grouped alphabetically or by other category. For example items may be categorized alphabetically if sorted by name, items can also be categorized by type like in screenshot below.
To enable Category view, right mouse click on the item list and from the popupmenu pick Show Categories
Drag & Drop
It is possible to upload and download files to/from router using winbox drag & drop functionality.
Winbox can be used as a tool to monitor traffic of every interface, queue or firewall rule in real-time. Screenshot below shows ethernet traffic monitoring graphs.
This shows how easy it is to copy an item in Winbox. In this example, we will use the COPY button to make a Dynamic WDS interface into a Static interface.
This image shows us the initial state, as you see DRA indicates "D" which means Dynamic:
Double-Click on the interface and click on COPY:
A new interface window will appear, a new name will be created automatically (in this case WDS2)
You can see that the new interface status has changed:
On Windows Vista/7 Winbox settings are stored in: %USERPROFILE%\AppData\Roaming\Mikrotik\Winbox\winbox.cfg
Simply copy this file to the same location on the new host.